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定語從句學案
作者:高一英語組  日期/時間:2017/11/6 8:55:00  點擊:1948  我要評論

      

定語從句學案

1.      什么是定語?

blue sea       a good boy      something important    _______

the soldiers alive                                   ________

a toy factory                                       _______

five desks                                        ________

a developed country     a developing country      ______/_______分詞

the students on the playground                   ________短語

a poet written by xu zhimo.                     _____________ 短語

the boy watching tv                           _____________ 短語             

a poet which/that 學科網(www.zxxk.com)--教育資源門戶,提供試卷、教案、課件、論文、素材及各類教學資源下載,還有大量而豐富的教學相關資訊!was written by xu zhimo        ______________

the boy who is watching tv        學科網(www.zxxk.com)--教育資源門戶,提供試卷、教案、課件、論文、素材及各類教學資源下載,還有大量而豐富的教學相關資訊!             ______________

結論:1)______________________________ 成份叫定語。

2) 定語的翻譯: 漢語中常用‘______________’表示。

3) 中英文定語位置的不同:

漢語中定語一般_____________。英語中既有前置, 又有后置。

放在所修飾詞前面的叫______________定語。放在所修飾詞后面的叫_____________定語。

2.      什么是定語從句?

在復合句中,修飾    詞或   詞的從句叫定語從句。被修飾的名詞或代詞叫      ,從句由      引導。

根據定義我們可以得出:

1)定語從句的結構:先行詞+關系詞+從句(               

2)關系詞的作用:引導   語從句;在其引導的定語從句中充當一定的         。

3. 定語從句的三要素:_______________   ______________   _____________xxk]

you are the right man whom we are looking for.

先行詞 ________________ 關系詞________________  作成分________________

i’ve spent all the money that was given by my parents.

先行詞 ________________ 關系詞________________  作成分________________

this is the story that we wrote for our storytelling competition.

先行詞 ________________ 關系詞________________  作成分________________

the book i borrowed from the library is very interesting.

先行詞 ________________ 關系詞________________  作成分________________

she was the teacher who taught us english literature.

先行詞學科網(www.zxxk.com)--教育資源門戶,提供試卷、教案、課件、論文、素材及各類教學資源下載,還有大量而豐富的教學相關資訊! ________________ 關系詞________________ 學科網(www.zxxk.com)--教育資源門戶,提供試卷、教案、課件、論文、素材及各類教學資源下載,還有大量而豐富的教學相關資訊! 作成分________________

he likes the birthday presents that his friends gave him.

先行詞 ________________ 關系詞________________  作成分________________

the club whose members are music fans is run by our school.

先行詞 ________________ 關系詞________________  作成分________________

4.關系詞的分類

關系代詞:                            關系副詞

人:who, whom, hat                     時間:when

物:which, that                         地點:where

所屬關系:whose (人,物)               原因:why

5.  whose引導的定學科網(www.zxxk.com)--教育資源門戶,提供試卷、教案、課件、論文、素材及各類教學資源下載,還有大量而豐富的教學相關資訊!語從句

they live in a house, whose door opens to the south.

they lived in a house, the door of which opens to the south.

they lived in a house, of which the door opens to the south.

結論:whose 可以轉換為 “ of +which”, ____________ = _____________ =___________[look out! don’t get too close to the house ______ roof is under repair.

look out! don’t get too close to the house ______  the roof is under repair.

look out! don’t get too close to the house the roof _________ is under repair.

a. which      b. whose    c. that    d. of  which

i met a girl _________ voice is sweet.[來源:&&z&x&x&k]

i met a girl the voice _________ ___________ is sweet.

i met a girl _________ __________ the voice is sweet.

i like the dress, whose color is light green. = ________ = _________

6. 只能用that不能用which的情況

1.

當先行詞是不定代詞all/everything

/anything/nothing/much/few/little/ none/the one

all______ can be done has been done.

i didnt want 學科網(www.zxxk.com)--教育資源門戶,提供試卷、教案、課件、論文、素材及各類教學資源下載,還有大量而豐富的教學相關資訊!this recorder; i want the one ____   was borrowed yesterday.

2.

先行詞(指物的)前面有only/any/

few/one of/little

/no/all/every /very等詞修飾時

theres no difficulty ______ we cant overcome.
ive read all the books______ can be borrowed here.

this is the very man ______ i want to see.[來源:學科網]

3.

先行詞被序數詞first/…/last/ next、_基數詞、形容詞的_最高級修飾時

this is the first letter ______ ive written in english.
you can see the two fish ______ are still alive in the ba學科網(www.zxxk.com)--教育資源門戶,提供試卷、教案、課件、論文、素材及各類教學資源下載,還有大量而豐富的教學相關資訊!sin of water.

she is the most careful girl ______ ive ever known.

4.

當先行詞既有又有

they talked about the people and places ______they had visited.

5.

當先行詞在系動詞be后做表語且關系詞本身在從句中也做表語

shanghai isnt the city ____it used to be 60 years ago.
he is no longer the man ______ he used to be.

6.

當主句的主語是以疑問詞who/ which開頭時

who is the man ______is waiting at the school gate?
which is the car ______ran over a dog yesterday?

7.

當主句以there be…結構開頭,且先行詞為

there is a seat in the corner ______ is still free.
there are two books on history ______ are for you.

8.

有兩個定語從句時,其中一個一個關系代詞已用which,另一個用 that

they secretly built a small factory which produced things ______ could cause pollution.

7. as 在定語從句中的用法

限定性定從: such … as … the same … as …

非限制性定從:位置靈活,可翻譯為:正如……

8. 總結定語從句題目的做題步驟:

                                                                       

                                                                    
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